Artist-driven criminal enterprises are exploiting the digital landscape to extort artists and their livelihoods, with some even turning to the dark arts to extorting artists, according to a new report from the ACLU of Northern California.
The report, “Artist-Driven Crime,” is based on the findings of a five-year investigation into online criminal enterprises operating in California, Texas, New York, Maryland, and Connecticut.
The findings show that artist-driven crime, also known as “crime without value,” is “a growing threat to artists and the industries that support them.”
A key finding is that while criminal gangs and their cohorts are exploiting artists and stealing their livelihood, they are also using a vast array of criminal tactics to enrich themselves and their criminal associates, from online advertisements to the sale of stolen artwork and the use of fraudulent IDs and social media accounts to evade law enforcement.
The study also found that many criminal enterprises operate in a gray area between criminal and noncriminal.
They don’t have to be caught or prosecuted, or even acknowledge they are criminals, for many of them to operate freely.
The ACLU report, which was authored by former ACLU attorney Brian T. Brown and released Thursday, lays out some of the tactics used by online criminal groups to extirpate their targets.
Some criminal enterprises have been identified as “artist-driven” criminal enterprises.
They are often built by or with the support of a criminal or political organization.
They use a variety of tactics, including threats of violence, extortion, and money laundering to extricate victims from their businesses and keep their businesses afloat.
The vast majority of criminal organizations are not criminal, but they often operate with the knowledge that they are criminal and not necessarily aware that they’re not.
These activities, including using stolen identities to access stolen property, are not limited to criminal enterprises, but can also include other types of businesses, including entertainment and sports businesses, art galleries, music retailers, online gaming companies, and the like.
The FBI says online criminal organizations, known as cybercriminals, are using malware to steal the identity of artists and steal their identity and other personal information from people they do not know.
According to the FBI, these types of operations are the leading cause of copyright infringement worldwide, and have been on the rise for decades.
But criminal organizations can also operate with impunity.
In some cases, they operate in areas that are legal under state law.
In other cases, it is legal in the state where they are based.
Some of these businesses are known to operate outside of state borders, but the FBI and others say the majority of these activities are not illegal under state laws.
For example, a California criminal organization called “Gang of Three,” based in Los Angeles, allegedly stole $1 million in stolen artworks and $1.4 million in cash in 2014 from a California artist named Laura Hagen.
This criminal organization is not listed as a terrorist organization by the Department of Homeland Security, and it is not known if the stolen artwork was ever recovered.
But Hagen was reportedly among several victims of the gang.
According for example, the FBI says the gang “offered to pay for Hagen’s legal defense through a fake company she had used in the past to provide legal services to artists who were sued in court.”
A California criminal group called “The Bandit Squad” allegedly stole more than $100,000 from a musician, who was working with a legitimate recording company, in 2014.
According the FBI report, the gang members were using an online service called “Risk Management” that “provides the ability to anonymously upload and download files from other users’ computers.”
They also allegedly used “Ride,” a file-sharing service that allows them to “download files from anyone on the internet.”
The FBI also says that in 2017, the “Bandit Squad hacked into the email accounts of dozens of artists, artists’ agents, and attorneys.”
The criminal gang allegedly used a website called “Bounty Hunter” to target and steal identity information for its victims.
And they reportedly hacked into a social media account of a music artist named Mike Coyle, using “the email address of his attorney to conduct online surveillance on his online activities,” the report said.
Some criminals also allegedly use stolen identity information to target other people and organizations, the report says.
For instance, the criminal gang used the name “Alex Kopp” to steal information from a music producer and a video game company, according the FBI.
The information they allegedly stole included credit card information, bank account information, and a photo of the musician who performed on the video game.
The investigation found that criminals sometimes target artists and music companies, but that they also target individuals, organizations, and schools.
According a report by the U.S. Department of Justice, the number of cases where artists have been victimized by cybercrime rose by